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Jargon Buster

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The SCATA Jargon Buster is a compilation of many of the confusing terms and acronyms used in Health Informatics. It was compiled from various sources and is maintained by the SCATA membership.
If you are are a SCATA member, you can add and edit jargon terms from the member's area
Non-members can use the contact page to submit a new term or acronym, or to update an existing one.

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Term or Acronym

Definition

Explanation

Caldicot Guardian

 

The person within an NHS Trust who is responsible for the systems that protect patient data, often the Medical Director.

CAP

College of American Pathologists

The CAP created SNOMED, now SNOMED CT

CAPTCHA

Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart

A CAPTCHA is a type of challenge-response test used in computing to determine whether the user is human. Trademarked by Carnegie Mellon University, a CAPTCHA involves a computer asking a user to complete a test. While the computer is able to generate and grade the test, it is not able to solve the test on its own. Because computers are unable to solve the CAPTCHA, any user entering a correct solution is presumed to be human. The term CAPTCHA was coined in 2000 by Luis von Ahn, Manuel Blum, Nicholas J. Hopper (all of Carnegie Mellon University), and John Langford (of IBM). A common type of CAPTCHA requires that the user type the letters of a distorted image, sometimes with the addition of an obscured sequence of letters or digits that appears on the screen.

CDSS

Clinical Decision Support System

Clinical (or diagnostic) decision support systems (CDSS) are interactive computer programs, which are designed to assist physicians and other health professionals with decision making tasks. See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clinical_decision_support_system for more information.

CHAI

Commission for Healthcare Audit and Inspection.

 

CHI

Community Health Index

The unique patient identification number used in NHS Scotland

CIO

Chief Information Officer

A senior NHS manager responsible for Information Services in a Trust, Strategic Health Authority etc.

Cluster

 

Any of the 5 groupings of Strategic Health Authorities in the NHS in England used for the award of LSP contracts as part of the NPfIT. They are:

  1. London
  2. South East and South West
  3. West Midlands and North West
  4. North East, Yorkshire and Humber
  5. East of England and East Midlands

CNST

Clinical Negligence Scheme for Trusts

The insurance scheme for NHS Trusts that protects against legal liability for clinical negligence claims. The amount of the premium depends on the sort of work undertaken, the number of beds, and the meeting of specified criteria that are judged to reduce clinical risks.

Contact

 

The secure NHS email and directory service, developed specifically to meet the requirements of the NHS and BMA for a secure email service for transmission of clinical information between NHS organisations. Despite this it is the policy of some NHS Trusts not to permit the use of email for the transmission of patient-identifiable information.
www.nhs.net

Cookies

 

Cookies are data that is sent by a website and stored on computers browsing that site. Cookies allow websites to identify a returning visitor and hold information about them, for example, their login name, or what they have put in their online shopping cart.

CPRS

Clinical Product Reference Source.

 

CRDB

Care Record Development Board

“The Board will bring together patients and service users, the public, and social and healthcare professionals. It will identify the values, principles and processes of care and ensure that these are taken into account in the implementation of systems in NPfIT.”

CRS

Care Record Service

 

CTV3

Clinical Terms v3

A collection of over 200,000 terms developed during the Clinical Terms Project in 1992-5 and includes Read codes, ICD10 and OPCS4

Cybersquatting

 

Acquiring an Internet domain that should rightfully belong to someone else (e.g. a well-known company) with the intention of forcing them to buy it from you.